The atoms in a solid are tightly bound to each other, either in a regular geometric lattice (crystalline solids, which include metals and ordinary ice) or irregularly (an amorphous solid such as common window glass), and are typically low in energy. The chemical symbol for Actinium is Ac. Rising temperatures make the liquid expand in a liquid-in-tube thermometer and bend bimetallic strips. Vanderwaals radius . Like all alkali metals, lithium is highly reactive and flammable, and is stored in mineral oil. Chemically, indium is similar to gallium and thallium. Dysprosium (3+) acetate. Although neodymium is classed as a rare earth, it is a fairly common element. Boron is a chemical element with atomic number 5 which means there are 5 protons and 5 electrons in the atomic structure. Dysprosium is located at position 66 on the periodic table. Dysprosium triformate. Thorium is a naturally-occurring element and it is estimated to be about three times more abundant than uranium. Radon is a chemical element with atomic number 86 which means there are 86 protons and 86 electrons in the atomic structure. In chemistry and atomic physics, the electron affinity of an atom or molecule is defined as: the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom or molecule (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Tantalum is a rare, hard, blue-gray, lustrous transition metal that is highly corrosion-resistant. Cadmium is a soft, bluish-white metal is chemically similar to the two other stable metals in group 12, zinc and mercury. Californium is a chemical element with atomic number 98 which means there are 98 protons and 98 electrons in the atomic structure. Comprehensive data on the chemical element Dysprosium is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Dysprosium. Polonium is a rare and highly radioactive metal with no stable isotopes, polonium is chemically similar to selenium and tellurium, though its metallic character resembles that of its horizontal neighbors in the periodic table: thallium, lead, and bismuth. Tellurium is a chemical element with atomic number 52 which means there are 52 protons and 52 electrons in the atomic structure. Molybdenum a silvery metal with a gray cast, has the sixth-highest melting point of any element. The densest material found on earth is the metal osmium, but its density pales by comparison to the densities of exotic astronomical objects such as white dwarf stars and neutron stars. Dysprosium and Radium chemical properties are one of the most important characteristics Molecular Weight. Didysprosium trioxide. In other words, it can be expressed as the neutral atom’s likelihood of gaining an electron. Gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element. Oxidation states are typically represented by integers which may be positive, zero, or negative. The chemical symbol for Rhodium is Rh. The chemical symbol for Protactinium is Pa. Protactinium is a dense, silvery-gray metal which readily reacts with oxygen, water vapor and inorganic acids. Gadolinium belongs to a rare earth elements (it is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table). It is a rare earth element with very high magnetic strength. Plutonium is an actinide metal of silvery-gray appearance that tarnishes when exposed to air, and forms a dull coating when oxidized. Dysprosium dissolves quickly in dilute sulfuric acid and form yellow color solution and the resulting compound dysprosium (III) sulfate is paramagnetic in nature. is a rare earth element with a metallic silver luster. Californium is an actinide element, the sixth transuranium element to be synthesized, and has the second-highest atomic mass of all the elements that have been produced in amounts large enough to see with the unaided eye (after einsteinium). The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature. This affinity is known as the second electron affinity and these energies are positive. To use electron affinities properly, it is essential to keep track of sign. Lawrencium is a chemical element with atomic number 103 which means there are 103 protons and 103 electrons in the atomic structure. It reacts with cold water and rapidly dissolves in acids. Adding a heat will convert the solid into a liquid with no temperature change. Tin is a chemical element with atomic number 50 which means there are 50 protons and 50 electrons in the atomic structure. Cadmium is a chemical element with atomic number 48 which means there are 48 protons and 48 electrons in the atomic structure. Yttrium is a chemical element with atomic number 39 which means there are 39 protons and 39 electrons in the atomic structure. Chemically, sulfur reacts with all elements except for gold, platinum, iridium, tellurium, and the noble gases. Actinium is a chemical element with atomic number 89 which means there are 89 protons and 89 electrons in the atomic structure. In some respects zinc is chemically similar to magnesium: both elements exhibit only one normal oxidation state (+2), and the Zn2+ and Mg2+ ions are of similar size. Dysprosium is relatively unreactive at room temperatures. The chemical symbol for Bromine is Br. An atom of an element in a compound will have a positive oxidation state if it has had electrons removed. Oxygen is a colourless, odourless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air. Germanium is a lustrous, hard, grayish-white metalloid in the carbon group, chemically similar to its group neighbors tin and silicon. From toxicity tests on mice it was calculated that a dose of 500 grams or more would be needed to put a person's life at risk. As a result of this expansion, the density of most materials decreases. Francium is a highly radioactive metal that decays into astatine, radium, and radon. Astatine is the rarest naturally occurring element on the Earth’s crust. Dysprosium absorbs neutrons, so it has potential for use as control rods in nuclear reactors. Occurrence in nature Gallium does not occur as a free element in nature, but as gallium(III) compounds in trace amounts in zinc ores and in bauxite. Like all elements with atomic number over 100, nobelium can only be produced in particle accelerators by bombarding lighter elements with charged particles. Rhenium is a chemical element with atomic number 75 which means there are 75 protons and 75 electrons in the atomic structure. It is slowly tarnished in the air and burn to form dysprosium (lll) oxides. Caesium is a soft, silvery-gold alkali metal with a melting point of 28.5 °C, which makes it one of only five elemental metals that are liquid at or near room temperature. Electron affinity of Dysprosium is 50 kJ/mol. Liquid nitrogen (made by distilling liquid air) boils at 77.4 kelvins (−195.8°C) and is used as a coolant. The chemical symbol for Erbium is Er. Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal4 which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point. The chemical symbol for Polonium is Po. Note that, these points are associated with the standard atmospheric pressure. More... Molecular Weight. The chemical symbol for Californium is Cf. Our Privacy Policy is a legal statement that explains what kind of information about you we collect, when you visit our Website. Similarly, adding electrons results in a negative oxidation state. Q15628230. It occurs on Earth as the decay product of various heavier elements. Named from the Greek word meaning “hard to obtain”, dysprosium is a very soft silver metal, and can be cut with a knife. Zirconium is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium. The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which this phase change (boiling or vaporization) occurs. Since it is difficult to measure extreme temperatures precisely without bias, both have been cited in the literature as having the higher boiling point. Anti Corrosion, Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes, Solubility. Platinum is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Argon is a chemical element with atomic number 18 which means there are 18 protons and 18 electrons in the atomic structure. Dysprosium is never found in nature as a free element, though it is found in various minerals, such as xenotime. Osmium is the densest naturally occurring element, with a density of 22.59 g/cm3. Electronegativity, symbol χ, is a chemical property that describes the tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards this atom. Dysprosium - Properties - Price - Applications - Production. Il est assez stable dans l'air. In general, melting is a phase change of a substance from the solid to the liquid phase. The chemical symbol for Holmium is Ho. A dysprosium oxide-nickel cement has found use in cooling nuclear reactor rods. elemental form, CAS 7429-91-6, dysprosium has a silvery-white appearance. Parent Compound: In nuclear industry cadmium is commonly used as a thermal neutron absorber due to very high neutron absorption cross-section of 113Cd. Dysprosium was first identified in Paris in 1886 by French chemist Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran . Neptunium is the first transuranic element. Cobalt is a chemical element with atomic number 27 which means there are 27 protons and 27 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Magnesium is Mg. Magnesium is a shiny gray solid which bears a close physical resemblance to the other five elements in the second column (group 2, or alkaline earth metals) of the periodic table: all group 2 elements have the same electron configuration in the outer electron shell and a similar crystal structure. Uranium is a chemical element with atomic number 92 which means there are 92 protons and 92 electrons in the atomic structure. A liquid at high pressure has a higher boiling point than when that liquid is at atmospheric pressure. This affinity is known as the first electron affinity and these energies are negative. Francium is an alkali metal, that has one valence electron. Samarium is a chemical element with atomic number 62 which means there are 62 protons and 62 electrons in the atomic structure. Fermium is a member of the actinide series. Atoms whose anions are more stable than neutral atoms have a greater affinity. It is also the most corrosion-resistant metal, even at temperatures as high as 2000 °C. In combination with vanadium and other rare earths, dysprosium has been used in making laser materials. DTXSID40562758. Dysprosium's characteristics can be strongly affected by the presence of impurities. Discoverer: Priestley, Joseph and Scheele, Carl Wilhelm, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Strutt, John (Lord Rayleigh), Discoverer: Del Rio, Andrés Manuel (1801) and Sefström, Nils Gabriel (1830), Discoverer: Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Paul-Émile, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm and Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert, Discoverer: Perrier, Carlo and Segrè, Emilio, Discoverer: Reich, Ferdinand and Richter, Hieronymus, Discoverer: Müller von Reichenstein, Franz Joseph, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris William, Discoverer: Kirchhoff, Gustav and Bunsen, Robert. The chemical symbol for Argon is Ar. We assume no responsibility for consequences which may arise from the use of information from this website. Dysprosium is used for its high thermal neutron absorption cross-section in making control rods in nuclear reactors, for its high magnetic susceptibility in data storage applications. Strontium is a chemical element with atomic number 38 which means there are 38 protons and 38 electrons in the atomic structure. Its properties and price determine its applications. Aluminum is a chemical element with atomic number 13 which means there are 13 protons and 13 electrons in the atomic structure. It readily forms hard, stable carbides in alloys, and for this reason most of world production of the element (about 80%) is used in steel alloys, including high-strength alloys and superalloys. Typical densities of various substances are at atmospheric pressure. Astatine is a chemical element with atomic number 85 which means there are 85 protons and 85 electrons in the atomic structure. ), and shape. The metal is found in the Earth’s crust in the pure, free elemental form (“native silver”), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite. Electronegativity is related with ionization energy and electron affinity. Actinium is a soft, silvery-white radioactive metal. The Cookies Statement is part of our Privacy Policy. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. The chemical symbol for Aluminum is Al. The chemical symbol for Potassium is K. Potassium was first isolated from potash, the ashes of plants, from which its name derives. Naturally occurring potassium is composed of three isotopes, of which 40K is radioactive. Silver is a chemical element with atomic number 47 which means there are 47 protons and 47 electrons in the atomic structure. For this purposes, a dimensionless quantity the Pauling scale, symbol χ, is the most commonly used. Scandium is a silvery-white metallic d-block element, it has historically been sometimes classified as a rare-earth element, together with yttrium and the lanthanides. The chemical symbol for Gadolinium is Gd. Silver is a soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal. Dysprosium's characteristics can be strongly affected by the presence of impurities. It is even less abundant than the so-called rare earths. Dysprosium is never found in nature as a free element, though it is found in various minerals, such as xenotime. The chemical symbol for Terbium is Tb. 18779-07-2. Major advantage of lead shield is in its compactness due to its higher density. Lead is widely used as a gamma shield. Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. At the melting point the two phases of a substance, liquid and vapor, have identical free energies and therefore are equally likely to exist. These condensers use tubes that are usually made of stainless steel, copper alloys, or titanium depending on several selection criteria (such as thermal conductivity or corrosion resistance). Though hydrogen bonds are the strongest of the intermolecular forces, the strength of hydrogen bonds is much less than that of ionic bonds. Ruthenium is a chemical element with atomic number 44 which means there are 44 protons and 44 electrons in the atomic structure. The number of electrons in each element’s electron shells, particularly the outermost valence shell, is the primary factor in determining its chemical bonding behavior. The chemical symbol for Iron is Fe. The chemical symbol for Osmium is Os. The higher the associated electronegativity number, the more an element or compound attracts electrons towards it. Atomic Number of Dysprosium. The chemical symbol for Berkelium is Bk. Parent Compound. The chemical symbol for Arsenic is As. The atom consist of a small but massive nucleus surrounded by a cloud of rapidly moving electrons. Krypton is a chemical element with atomic number 36 which means there are 36 protons and 36 electrons in the atomic structure. These have similar chemical properties, but palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of them. Commercially, thallium is produced as a byproduct from refining of heavy metal sulfide ores. The chemical symbol for Rubidium is Rb. The atomic number for dysprosium is 66. The chemical symbol for Chromium is Cr. Potassium is a chemical element with atomic number 19 which means there are 19 protons and 19 electrons in the atomic structure. Zirconium is widely used as a cladding for nuclear reactor fuels. Radon is a radioactive, colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas. The most stable known isotope, 269Hs, has a half-life of approximately 9.7 seconds. In nuclear reactors, promethium equilibrium exists in power operation. Iodine is the least abundant of the stable halogens, being the sixty-first most abundant element. Being a typical member of the lanthanide series, europium usually assumes the oxidation state +3. For example, carbon has nine possible integer oxidation states from −4 to +4. Americium is a transuranic member of the actinide series, in the periodic table located under the lanthanide element europium, and thus by analogy was named after the Americas. Antimony is a lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. It is obtained chiefly from the mineral cassiterite, which contains tin dioxide. Dysprosium is never encountered as the free element, but is found in many minerals. Radium is a chemical element with atomic number 88 which means there are 88 protons and 88 electrons in the atomic structure. The melting point of ice is 0 °C. Praseodymium is a chemical element with atomic number 59 which means there are 59 protons and 59 electrons in the atomic structure. Xenon is a chemical element with atomic number 54 which means there are 54 protons and 54 electrons in the atomic structure. Formic acid, dysprosium salt. An element that is not combined with any other different elements has an oxidation state of 0. CID 284 (Formic acid) Component Compounds. In a neutral atom there are as many electrons as protons moving about nucleus. The chemical symbol for Sodium is Na. Below the melting point, the solid is the more stable state of the two, whereas above the liquid form is preferred. Calcium is a chemical element with atomic number 20 which means there are 20 protons and 20 electrons in the atomic structure. Covalent bonds often result in the formation of small collections of better-connected atoms called molecules, which in solids and liquids are bound to other molecules by forces that are often much weaker than the covalent bonds that hold the molecules internally together. It is electropositive and react rapidly with hot water and slowly with cold water to form dysprosium hydroxide. It forms several brightly coloured salts. the first identification. The chemical symbol for Ruthenium is Ru. The name samarium is after the mineral samarskite from which it was isolated. For this purposes, a dimensionless quantity the Pauling scale, symbol χ, is the most commonly used. Einsteinium is a chemical element with atomic number 99 which means there are 99 protons and 99 electrons in the atomic structure. 2562 °C. Some of its most important chemical properties are that it has 10 isotopes, an atomic mass of 50.08 grams per mole and a melting point of 840 degrees Celsius. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity. The chemical symbol for Thallium is Tl. Dysprosium oxide. Pure germanium is a semiconductor with an appearance similar to elemental silicon. Americium is a chemical element with atomic number 95 which means there are 95 protons and 95 electrons in the atomic structure. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive, with the most stable isotope being radium-226. The periodic table is a tabular display of the chemical elements organized on the basis of their atomic numbers, electron configurations, and chemical properties.